No, they left a lot of damage around the station but weren't trying to destroy it. If they'd wanted to destroy it, I'm sure they would have succeeded Just Cardassians who were unhappy to be leaving expressing their opinions. Dukat brought in a couple of small ships soon after the Federation got there to glower a bit, but they didn't try to retake the station and I don't think Central Command authorized them to try. The Cardassian government had already decided to leave Bajor, and they weren't going to change their minds without a good reason. Dukat being unhappy at losing the prefect job doesn't count as a good reason.