Fascinating discussion! Ah, OK. I can see how "thinking Romulus was destroyed based on unconfirmed second-hand reports" could certainly be different. I was basing what I said more on this statement: I thought the implication here was that he saw what he thought was the destruction of Romulus, but it wasn't actually, somehow. I was just saying that I didn't see much functional difference between Nero seeing the destruction and having Romulus really being destroyed, versus Nero thinking he was seeing the destruction but Romulus was somehow not destroyed, unbeknownst to Nero. The motivation to him would be the same in both cases. But, sure, if he went crazy because Ayel said "Hey, did you see someone posted on Reddit that Romulus was destroyed", then yeah, that's different! All that being said, though... Put in Earthly terms, Nero's story basically boils down to "Nero's family is killed when his hometown is destroyed by a hurricane, so in retaliation, he nukes Chicago and attempts to nuke Los Angeles". I don't think there's much of a case to be made that he wasn't prone to instability to begin with. OK, thank you. One thing I'm curious about, though. I don't know if you'll know this, since I believe it was before your time as an ST author, but maybe someone will know. We've all heard about the infamous Richard Arnold memo, which said that the novels couldn't tie in to the animated series. Were authors at the time allowed to contradict TAS? And if so, was that because it wasn't even considered "Star Trek canon" at the time?