So what was Starfeet's plan in sending the Enterprise to Organia at the time when they did? I say that upon consideration the plan to deny Organia to the Klingons seems to have zero probability of succeeding. In Part One I show why it seems doomed to fail, and I Part Two I discuss a theory of how it could possibly work. PART ONE OF TWO: The Fatal Flaw: The episode opens with: Then a Klingon ship attacks and they destroy it. And then: The first act opens with: It is assumed that Kirk and Spock beam down to the planet's surface just a few minutes after this, but it is possible that something happened off screen to delay that event by hours or days. Possibly they spent a lot of time trying to locate a community that might possibly be the capital of Organia, and possibly Kirk eventually gave up and more or less randomly selected a community to visit. Anyway, the next scene shows Kirk and Spock beaming down to an Organian community, which Spock later describes as a mere village. So when Kirk and Spock beam down to negotiate with the planetary government of Organia - if Organia even has one - they choose a village. That implies that the village is the largest community, or possibly the only community, detected by survey ships that have scanned Organia. Or by the Enterprise. So it seems a little odd they don't wonder how Organia can have a society advanced to the medieval level with such a tiny population. In any case, if that is the only village then it is the obvious place to negotiate. If Organia had what looked like a population of many millions spread over distant continents as well as what seemed to be a medieval level of communications and transportation there wouldn't be any place they could assume was the capital, Ayelborne leads Kirk to the council chamber: In the next scene the council members sit down around their table and Kirk begins trying to persuade them to accept the Federation's offer of help. This scene should be just a few minutes after Ayelborne suggested they go to the council chambers to talk, unless something happened off screen to delay the beginning of the meeting. And this is all that happens between the beginning of the meeting and the arrival of the Klingons: After a few more lines of dialog, there is a commercial break and then a new act begins: After a few more lines of dialog the Klingons enter the council chamber for the first time. So apparently a few minutes, maybe about 10 or 15, of action and dialog happen between stardate 3198.4 and 3201.7. A difference of 3.3 stardate units should equal several hours or days, but we don't see more than about 10 or 15 minutes of events happening. So it is possible that there are one or more time skips where hours or days pass off screen between stardate 3198.4 and stardate 3201.7. And remember what Kirk said after it was realized that the Klingons had arrived at Organia: Kirk seems to be saying that if the Organians had listened to Kirk and accepted his offer when he first made it the Klingons would have been driven off. But Kirk doesn't mean that the Enterprise and the Federation couldn't fight in the Organian system without the permission of the Organians. Because later in the episode the Enterprise returns to the Organian system as part of a Federation fleet that fights what may be the main Klingon battle fleet without anyone in the Federation fleet asking or getting permission from the Organians: And Kirk didn't think that the Enterprise by itself could drive off a Klingon fleet let alone their main battle fleet. When Kirk and Spock were getting ready to beam down to Organia: And when the Klingon fleet arrived: So Kirk didn't believe that the Enterprise by itself, the way it was configured at the moment, could defeat an entire Klingon fleet, but seemed to believe that if the Organians had agreed to accept Federation help the Enterprise could have quickly done something that would have made it possible to drive off the Klingon fleet. PART TWO OF TWO: ONE POSSIBLE THEORY: So my theory is that Kirk was counting on the hypothetical high capacity cargo transporters that might have been part of the regular equipment of the the Enterprise or possibly installed for this mission, and the hypothetical cargo which the Enterprise might have been carrying for this mission. Possibly the Enterprise could have rapidly deployed a powerful defense system in mere minutes once the Organians agreed to it. My theory is that once the Organians agreed to accept Federation defense help, the Enterprise would have rapidly zoomed in a complex pattern thousands of miles high around the planet Organia, the high capacity cargo transporters beaming down complex machines to evenly spaced locations in the oceans or fresh water lakes and rivers of the planet. Each machine would float in the water and automatically suck in water. Transporters in each machine would beam hydrogen atoms out of the water molecules and into high powered fusion generators, releasing oxygen and other atoms into the water and air. The fusion generators would fuse massive amounts of hydrogen into helium which would be released, and massive amounts of energy would be generated to power the transporters that were taking in hydrogen atoms and anti gravity engines on smaller machines that were part of the bigger machines. Each of the smaller machines would zoom straight up into outer space and take position thousand of miles above Organia, hovering in position and powered by an energy beam from the fusion generators below which were constantly grabbing more hydrogen to fuse from the water. And each of the smaller machines hovering over Organia would be constantly scanning for Klingon ships, ready to start generating its section of a force shield that would surround the planet Organia and prevent any Klingon ships from landing on Organia, or transporting anything or anyone down to Organia, firing weapons through the force shield to strike Organia. So possibly Kirk and Starfleet Command expected that the Enterprise could set up such a defense system within minutes of the Organians agreeing to be defended by Earth, but Federation and Starfleet rules prohibited stating the set up until the Organians gave permission. So why didn't Starfleet Command send a ship to Organia with such a rapid deployment defense system sometime in the weeks, months, or years, when relations with the Klingons deteriorated and it became more and more evident that the Klingons would take over Organia to use as a base to invade the Federation if war started. Probably because Federation law had a catch 22. The Federation could only legally assist a planet with planetary defense once the planetary government agreed to accept such help. But most planets with low technology levels wouldn't have planetary governments because it would be impossible to govern an entire planet with such low levels of communications and transportation technology. And possibly it took the Federation a while to decide that the low population and small populated area reported on Organia indicated it was possible that there could be a single government on Organia even with medieval technology. And there would be a bigger catch 22 in Federation Law. The Federation was only allowed to make contact with societies which had already been contacted by interstellar travelers or which had already reached a certain specified level of technological development, and Organia seemed to have medieval technology that was low enough that contact would be prohibited. So possibly Starfleet had been hoping for months or years that non federation space travelers would make contact with Organia and thus lift Organia's Prime Directive protection. But probably there was an exception clause to the Prime Directive authorizing contact with otherwise protected societies when it was necessary to protect both the Federation and also the society being contacted. And of course being conquered by the Klingons would be bad for the Organians and if war came the Klingons would certainly disregard the Federation ban on contact with Organia and use it as a base against the Federation, thus making contracting the Organians and protecting them from the Klingons good for both the Federation and the Organians. So possibly the Federation Council gave Starfleet Command permission to contact the Organians and protect them from the Klingons when the negotiations with the Klingons were about to break down. And possibly the defense system for Organia was not ready to load onto the Enterprise until soon before the episode began and so they couldn't have been sent any earlier. So what do you think?