Scientists discover how to turn light into matter after 80-year quest

Discussion in 'Science and Technology' started by Dryson, Dec 10, 2017.

  1. Dryson

    Dryson Fleet Captain Fleet Captain

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    https://phys.org/news/2014-05-scientists-year-quest.html

    "Imperial College London physicists have discovered how to create matter from light - a feat thought impossible when the idea was first theorised 80 years ago."

    Breit and Wheeler suggested that it should be possible to turn light into matter by smashing together only two particles of light (photons), to create an electron and a positron – the simplest method of turning light into matter ever predicted. The calculation was found to be theoretically sound but Breit and Wheeler said that they never expected anybody to physically demonstrate their prediction. It has never been observed in the laboratory and past experiments to test it have required the addition of massive high-energy particles.

    The new research, published in Nature Photonics, shows for the first time how Breit and Wheeler's theory could be proven in practice. This 'photon-photon collider', which would convert light directly into matter using technology that is already available, would be a new type of high-energy physics experiment. This experiment would recreate a process that was important in the first 100 seconds of the universe and that is also seen in gamma ray bursts, which are the biggest explosions in the universe and one of physics' greatest unsolved mysteries.

    This experiment would recreate a process that was important in the first 100 seconds of the universe and that is also seen in gamma ray bursts, which are the biggest explosions in the universe and one of physics' greatest unsolved mysteries. "

    Where do gamma ray bursts come from?

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/sights/gamma_ray_bursts

    [SIZE=5]Gamma ray bursts explained[/SIZE]
    The source of gamma ray bursts, high intensity flashes of gamma ray radiation from the distant Universe, puzzled scientists for many years. However, intense study tracked down the source of these explosions to the formation of black holes.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/sights/gamma_ray_bursts#p009gzv9

    If light is able to be converted into matter, which we all know that matter has mass, and the same process is seen in gamma bursts which come from black holes forming, and humans have been able to recreate the process artificially then the process of light converting into matter with mass exists in a natural state.

    A natural process that would exist in space that would constantly convert light into matter with mass. Matter with mass that increases the mass of an object traveling faster and faster requiring more thrust to overcome the increased mass being exerted on the object.

    Since black holes are located at the center of each known galaxy and emit gamma ray bursts, those gamma ray bursts would be associated with possibly creating mass that is unseen maybe even Dark Matter. Eventually though due to the expansion of the Universe, gamma rays are converted into microwaves. But before they are converted, gamma rays, based on the article would create mass.

    How would you therefore limit the amount of gamma ray interaction with an objects surface or the energy that is created from converted gamma rays? Remember Relativity? If an energy source such as gamma rays that produce matter with mass are converted into another form of energy then the resultant energy that is converted would also retain the ability to create matter with mass in some capacity.

    Since light is the number one source of energy in the Universe and can be seen everyday and is present at all times and even though light does not have mass it can be convert into matter with mass then limiting light and its converted associated states, coming into contact with an object could allow the object to travel faster while using fuel in propulsion system.

    How to block gamma rays

    First off we would need to block gamma rays. This would involve using Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) coated with a hydrogen-rich, electrically conducting polymer such as polyethylene, that receive and dissipate a portion of incoming radiation pulse energy to electrical signals that are transmitted along the CNT axes, and are received at energy-dissipating terminals.

    Blocking a portion of the gamma rays and converting them into electrical signals would, based on the article above, break the link between gamma rays converting into mass with matter, more importantly the link of gamma rays converting into other states with smaller capabilities to create mass would be limited possibly allowing for reduce mass to be placed on a object traveling faster and faster through space time that would encounter more light than normal that has the potential to be converted into matter with mass.

    https://www.techbriefs.com/component/content/article/tb/techbriefs/materials/13046

    Since microwaves, which are converted from gamma rays, are present all throughout space time, limiting their interaction with the surface of an object would limit the ability of process of gamma rays converting in matter with mass. A simple layer of tin foil would be all that would be needed.

    Vantablack might be the material coating that would give an edge to the object trying to travel faster and faster through space time.

    Vantablack is composed of a forest of vertical tubes which are "grown" on a substrate using a modified chemical vapor deposition process (CVD). When light strikes Vantablack, instead of bouncing off, it becomes trapped and is continually deflected among the tubes, eventually becoming absorbed and dissipating into heat.[1]

    Vantablack was an improvement over similar substances developed at the time. Vantablack absorbs 99.965% of visible light. It can be created at 400 °C (752 °F); NASAhad previously developed a similar substance, but that can only be grown at 750 °C (1,380 °F). For this reason, Vantablack can be grown on materials that cannot withstand higher temperatures.

    In the Wikipedia article you can see that Vantablack has been grown on tin foil. This mating of materials together would be very advantageous because Vantablack absorbs nearly all visible light that can then be converted into electricity for ship wide use.

    A new composite material based on Vantablack would be comprised of aluminum nanotubes that would block Beta radiation as well as concrete nanotubes that would assist in the blocking of gamma rays.

    Blocking radiation from interacting with the material of a ship and converting the radiation into usable electrical energy for ship purposes that is traveling through space time is the key to limiting the mass exerted on a ship traveling faster and faster. Light that is absorbed and converted into electrical energy would yield mass on the inside of the ship but with a reduced exertion on the outside then faster velocities consuming less fuel might be possible.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vantablack
     
    Last edited: Dec 10, 2017
  2. Asbo Zaprudder

    Asbo Zaprudder Vice Admiral Admiral

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  3. StarCruiser

    StarCruiser Captain Captain

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    Houston, we have a problem...
    You would think that this would have been demonstrated - obviously - by nature since light is all around us, all the time...?
     
  4. Asbo Zaprudder

    Asbo Zaprudder Vice Admiral Admiral

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    The energy of the photon or photon pair has to be equal to or greater than the combined rest mass energy of the particle-antiparticle pair produced - so about 1.022 MeV for an electron-positron pair and 1876.54 MeV for a proton-antiproton pair. (Momentum has to be conserved as well as energy but let's ignore that detail.) Those are hard gamma ray energies. Happens in accelerator beam collisions and during the explosion of very massive stars (pair-instability supernova). There is nothing new to see here - move along home.
     
    Last edited: Dec 10, 2017
  5. Mr. Laser Beam

    Mr. Laser Beam Fleet Admiral Admiral

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    Easier way to turn light into matter:

    Get a damn flashlight.
     
  6. Asbo Zaprudder

    Asbo Zaprudder Vice Admiral Admiral

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    Matter is condensed energy prevented from taking off at the speed of light by interaction with the Higgs field.

    http://www.davidyerle.com/tag/higgs-boson/
    explains why some particle physicists were actually disappointed to have the Higgs boson's existence confirmed. This is because the Standard Model is inconsistent with General Relativity.

    http://www.quantumdiaries.org/2011/06/19/helicity-chirality-mass-and-the-higgs/
    explains the Higgs field in more detail, including why an electron is not the same thing as an an antipositron in the Standard Model, although an observed physical electron can actually be considered to be a mixture of the two.

    ETA: The mixing is described by people such as Penrose as a "zig-zag", where swiches between chirality states are due to interaction with the Higgs field/boson. To me, this seems a fairly bogus analogy similar to delocalised pi orbitals for molecules such as benzene. A preferrable interpretation would be a quantum superposition (as with electron/mu/tau neutrino mixing).
     
    Last edited: Dec 11, 2017