At the very least, it's a decision for the Federation courts. Some kind of arbitration would probably be better. But certainly not one party making and enforcing their own determination without even informing the other. Fair enough. Not saying it's the only interpretation, just that the movie doesn't actually do much to contradict it. This is only relevant if the planet actually *was* in someone else's space when the Baku arrived. The movie never says that. Claims of other posters here have yet to be proven. It's also important to remember that relocation isn't necessarily as simple and unintrusive as Dougherty or maybe even the Fed. Council may think. What if the Baku actually had been a primitive society and their plan actually did succeed? A civilization that has enjoyed the anonymity and protection of the natural barrier of the Briar patch, now suddenly finds itself in open space surrounded by various hostile alien empires and all manner of potential hazards, without any idea that anything has changed. Hell, looking at Space Seed v. WoK, the Federation can't even guarantee that whatever perfectly safe and familiar planet they relocate these people to won't actually wind up turning against them. And it's also important to remember that the Federation is apparently doing all this for nothing better than a longer lifespan. In an age where lifespans are already at the human maximum. How is that an even remotely good justification? Of course being weak doesn't make someone right. Being right makes someone right. The evidence offered by the film makes the baku more in the right than the federation. The particles will help billions who don't need help. You don't 'need' to live 200 years. And the film never even bothered to answer other important questions, like how long would the collected radiation last, and isn't the Federation actually destroying its only known source in order to collect it? Once everyone's good and hooked on living 200 years, what happens when the supply runs out and there is no planet left to provide more? And there is no moral imperative to tell the world how great your home is. And certainly not to bend to the will of people who have admitted they intended to kidnap you rather than even attempt a reasonable discussion.