It is interesting post, thanks. And now I'm an oversimplifications McCarthyism (although I'm not familiar with that name until I open Wikipedia. Well consider me an uneducated person; but I'm really not familiar with this man called Joseph McCarthy nor care about him prior this post. He is not even in any historical book that I have read until today. Or maybe I just lack of interest to American history in general. But thanks, this is indeed give me new insight). And now I'm a person who lack of Empathy and compassion. So thank you. But still, I don't believe that having empathy and compassion would make us to give a person who work hard and people who isn't with the same reward. But I agree with you that "any system where one man has to live in the streets so that another can live in decadent luxury cannot be very good." Remember, it is about a man has to live in the street SO that another CAN live in decadent luxury. It is different to a man who work hard and become rich, while the other being lazy and become poor. It is not about lazy = poor. But, how to motivate this Lazy People to work / give contribution to the society. If he wants better house, better holodeck, etc, then work harder / contribute to the society more. You won't get anything if you just lock yourself inside your room and masturbate in the holodeck everyday. "Maybe in the 23rd/24th century, the contemplative philosopher will be valued as much as (or even more than) the field labourer: he might not contribute to the community's material wealth, but his ponderings validate us all as a species; regardless of outcome" Well yes, Philosopher is a man with a job being philosopher, not somebody lazy who love only masturbate in the holodeck all days long. Nobody is "lazy" or "diligent", people are differently motivated to do different things; we might label those motivated to do X lazy and those motivated to do Y diligent, but those labels simply rely on the evaluated productivity of the action. Nobody likes "doing nothing", over time boredom even leads to depression and eventually death (by suicide). And what about people who hide in their room and masturbate / play game all day long? Their interest is play their thing or just play game without thinking about anything else? Ah, yes, you're right. They are not lazy, but diligent too. but in their own way. Alright, because you give me "McCarthyism101", an American Term. A word that foreign to me. So now I give you Hikikomori, a Japanese term. Just googling it.