to establish it, you need to vet planets of course, so most if not all UFP member world species can inhabit (,i.e. not too cold for Vulcans and warm for humans, or too humid for Andorians but perfect for Trill, etc.)
You'd need a plan of the colony like a map, and to identify potable water sources, minerals, even wildlife. provided there are no predators like that world's version of Amur tigers, then fine. You'd need to establish also a base power source. It seems there may be publicly-run fusion generators at hand that power everything, even home replicators. then you'd need a police force, housing, recreational facilities, etc.