Re: What does a New colony need?
In addition to things already mentioned, a communications system and a generator.
Both can be replicated if they aren't also being scavenged from the colony ship. Replicators take care of a great deal. I guess I *could* see it, if the OP wants to for game purposes, if the type of generators the colonists would want to use were to require one of those rare unreplicatable materials, though - in which case a supply of that material would be needed.
As the brilliant philosopher once said... Everybody, have fun tonight. Everybody, Wang Chung tonight.