Solbor's Blood wrote:
It's not clear how much direct democracy is really needed in the 24th century. There are few references to elected officials, many more to those who are more likely appointed. I would not be surprised if GR had a cynical view of federalism and decentralization. Perhaps election would be limited to voting for representation to the Federation Council and Federation President. If that were the case, things like USA and UK might only exist if they are useful for administrative purposes, but might have no political existence. It's even possible that the 24th century economy would make devolved governance inconsequential.
Outside of Starfleet admirals and Federation envoys/diplomats, both of which are fairly clearly oversampled simply due to the nature of the stories we're watching, what 'most likely appointed' authority figures were ever shown on Star Trek? The only Federation authorities I remember seeing were the President and the Federation Council - both of which certainly seem to have been elected.