What has been lost in this thread is that Kirk does not, in fact, say, "Where's the hull damage?" He simply asks, "Where's the damage?"
His question to Gatt immediately follows the female crewmember telling him "Sir, we have a bulkhead breach!"
So, "major hull damage" is pretty much a "duh!" answer at this point. This line could have been fixed with something like:
"Major damage to Engineering, Captain!"
"Major lower-deck hull damage, Captain!"
"You're a major ass, Captain -- I quit!"