should theoretically win, if technological patterns are consistent.
In TNG's "The Emissary" when the D had to deal with an 80-year-old Klingon K'tinga
battler cruiser, the concern was never that the ship would harm the Enterprise
; indeed, the shots the Klingons did score were described as causing no damage. It was never questioned that the Enterprise
could handily destroy the Klingon ship, Picard simply didn't want to have to.
Given the size difference in the Abramsverse, though, one might surmise that technology is proportionally more advanced. OTOH, it might be that Starfleet could always have built such large vessels if they wanted to.