The Enterprise E should be the far superior ship, but conceptually and on screen it is very dated with its standard sweeping phaser and torpedo combination. It has quantum torpedoes which deploys and tracks like standard photon torpedoes do, but does + 25 damage!! Whoopy @#*d*# do!!
For a ship that is 100+ years ahead of TOS era know how, it doesn't really demonstrate much of an advancement. You have to read up canon specifications from literature to even know it posesses something better like it having "type 12" phasers over the old "type 6" found in the TOS era.
On screen the Vengeance conceptually looks like a very advanced ship, almost breaking away from what we normally see from Federation ships, even those in the 24th century.