Actually, Judaism is not afraid of it at all.
Same way as we are not afraid of cosmology and all that is learned from it.
Same with Catholicism.
I think the short answer is that people who take the Bible (or any religious text) literally find comfort in the certainty. Concrete, black or white thinking avoids the anxiety of doubt.
Didn't Pope John Paul II come out in favor of evolution? I'm not sure what Francis says about it, but I've always thought that they should go both hand in hand. It's all a matter of interpretation.