Greg Cox wrote:
Just take Kirk's comment to John Christopher literally "we're a combined service" (IIRC).
Starfleet is a multipurpose organization whose military functions come to the fore when needed but otherwise recede into the background when other duties arise. It's not really all that complicated a concept.
Works for me.
Except that what everyone seems to forget about Kirk's conversation with Captain Christopher is that Kirk's combined service comment was in response to Christopher asking if Kirk was part ogf the Navy, so Kirk seemed to be saying Starfleet was an organization that was more of combination of all the military branches.
They never really went into whether Starfleet was a military or not in that episode.