division by zero somehow
became a meaningful operation, would Data be able to explain it?
Yes. Why wouldn't he?
See, I'm confused as to why Data is of particular importance to the question, and also why division by zero is being singled out. In general, if there were any
new developments in mathematics by the time of the 24th century in Star Trek
, could any
character explain them? I would think so, but I don't think Data would necessarily be any better at explaining the subject than any other person might be, particularly compared to someone trained to teach, which Data is not (yet).