Why would it when you can hop in a hover car and cover the same distance in a few minutes?
That's the point - with transporter technology, you can walk distances shorter than, say, a mile, and then you can do everything else with the transporter
There's no point
in having a car (owning, it, renting it, having one materialize in front of you on demand), or a longer-range vehicle such as an aircraft, or a train, or a stagecoach. Indeed, extremely few seem to have or use any of those, suggesting they are only kept for their curiosity or recreation value. Vehicles are completely eliminated from "Earth-to-Earth" transportation, and indeed become a damn inconvenience to have around.
Principally I see this as a feature of Star Trek because production realities mean we basically never get to see vehicles on Earth...