I think the transporters limitations need to spelled out to any writer coming onto Trek once and for all. Its really quite straightforward to be honest:
Transporters range of approximately 50,000km which allows for beaming to a planets surface from orbit
Transporters cannot be used if shields are up.
I know the rules have been broken a number of times... too many times to count. Transwarp beaming is such utter bollocks really that I never want it to be used again.... just like slingshotting around the sun isn't used. I have heard there are some transporter issues in this movie.