I found this surprising bit of info about ancient Athens.
...Athenians didn't vote for politicians to represent them; all Athenians voted on just about every law or policy the city was to adopt.
Democracy, but no overall constitution to protect citizens?
OTOH, Star Wars had the Republic, where senators/politicians represented its citizens. They voted to give their chancellor so much power, he made himself an emperor without their consent.
Was Janice Lester crazy? Yes. Could you trust anything she said at face value? Pretty much, not.
And yet, this woman obviously hated her own sex for some reason. But was it sexism that pushed her to it?
The creepy thing about the Janice Lester episode is, the more the dialog rolls on, the more subtle sexism you can see in this time period.
Kirk: Her life could have been as rich as any woman's. If only--If only--
That sounds like typical view of a woman's role during that time. Even in the 23rd century super democracy of the Federation.
There was no way Picard or Sisko could get away with saying something like that about a woman.