If you stop the trailer at 1:13, you can Kirk in his space suit and the saucer of the ship he is probably heading toward is peeking out from behind some space debris. So, it must all be the same scene above a (the?) moon.
I thank King Daniel
for posting the picture from that scene that had the entire ship in it, or I wouldn't have found its saucer in the version of the trailer I watched (who knew to look for it?).
The scene doesn't portend much about that ship's fate, though.