Re: popular culture?
Maybe pop culture doesn't exist then.
Though it depends how one defines it. If it's media-driven attitudes and memes, then the media in 24th century Earth or the Federation in general may be very different from today.
With technology like that, social media must be out of control in Trek's time...imagine what an interstellar version of Facebook or Twitter would be like.
It is by caffeine alone I set my mind in motion. It is by the beans of Java that thoughts acquire speed, the hands acquire shakes, the shakes become a warning. It is by caffeine alone I set my mind in motion.