Re: They teach Latin at Starfleet Academy?
I question that the language being shared amongst a multicultural Federation is English at all. In Archer's time, maybe. But by the 23rd or the 24th century it's more likely something of a new language was developed by linguists from the five founding worlds. Perhaps rooted in Latin and other alien languages to become a Federation Standard.
It just looks like
English when read from computers or starship hulls. And sounds like
English when heard for our purposes of storytelling.
Dr. Miranda Jones to Spock: I understand the symbology now, Mr. Spock. The marvel is in the infinite diversity of life.
And in the way our differences combine to create meaning and beauty. Spock's reply, _Is There in Truth No Beauty?_