Re: OK, How Does Starfleet Academy Work Exactly?
I've always taken the position that the main campus of Starfleet Academy is in San Francisco, but but there are other facilities affiliated with the Academy throughout the Federation. Some cadets may spend only a year or two in San Francisco, but receive additional real-world training as midshipman officers aboard an actual active duty vessel or base before getting their commissions. References to being "at the Academy" could refer both to the time they were physically there as well as the time spent training elsewhere, but still under its program, IMO.
"Shout, shout, let it all out..."