1. The Polaris, Minuteman, and other missiles have ports on the forward dome that operate explosively within about 2 milliseconds,
2, The Shuttle SRB's thrust termination system comes from the Minuteman research, and sounds very similar, consisting of six shaped charges in the upper dome of the casing. .
1. Not the Minuteman III or Tridents. The missile systems using that method have been retired long ago.
2. There is no such system on the shuttle. It never was implemented.