I get that the Universal Translator translates alien speech into English for the audience or whatever language is natural for the user.
How do they manage to read alien text?
It's not like they wore special contact lens, or glasses that have translators.
Half the time in TNG, DS9, VOY, they just manage to magically figure out what the alien text means.
For all the bad parts of ENT, they do make understanding Alien text realistic. They basically can't figure it out easily. Half the time it's poking buttons to figure what said button does.
How do you think our heroes figured out what alien text on touch screens mean?
I think Babylon 5: Crusade had a more realistic episode where the Archaeologist had trouble figuring out a alien captain's log IMO.