1st off, my understanding about the Star Trek: Universe rules of how it works is based off watching the show and interpreting alot of wiki sites and ST Tech manuals.
Misconception #1 = Transporters DO NOT
replicate any matter, it just rips apart every molecule in a objects body and reassembles them at a new location in the same way it was right before the transport started.
Here's the step by step process of Transporting on a very high level:
Part 1: Dematerialization
1) Locking onto a target:
You use targeting scanners to figure out a objects exact position in space factoring everything around it, movement, gravity, rotation of planet, etc.
Normal transporter locks use the combadge as a homing beacon to figure out where the person is, otherwise it would take much longer to filter out all the data to lock onto the object you desire.
2) Immobilization of target:
When you are ready to be transported, some form of force field keeps you relatively still for the 1-3 seconds that it needs to do the transport sequence.
3) Scanning the target:
A 'Molecular Imaging Scanner
' scans every single molecule down to a quantum level. This way the computer knows where every single molecule is located, direction of movement, frequency of vibration, etc. As the 'Molecular Imaging Scanner
' is working, the 'Heisenberg Compensators
' will account for the position and direction of all subatomic particles composing the object. All this massive amount of data is stored in the transporter's computer memory storage.
4) Moving the actual matter:
At the same time as the 'Molecular Imaging Scanner
' is working, any molecule that has completed its scan is seperated from the object and moved along a stream of subatomic particles. This is known as the 'Matter Stream'.
The matter stream is then briefly stored in a Pattern Buffer
. Think of this as a storage tank for every molecule in the object.
If you're wondering where does the 'Matter Stream'
move, it gets pulled from the source location, through a tiny hole into Subspace, and back through another tiny hole into our space to be stored in the Pattern Buffer.
Part 2: Rematerialization.
1) Calculating how to reassemble the object to it's target location:
The computer must account for Doppler Shift at it's target location where it wants to reassemble the object. Once the computer figures that out, it will apply any necessary calculations to the entire data set for every subatomic particle that the object is composed of.
2) Transmission of Matter Stream to target location:
Now the computer will start sending the correct molecules in order through a matter stream. It will take the molecules it wants to assemble and shoot it through a tiny hole back into subspace and exit through another tiny hole at the target location.
As the matter is coming out of the matter stream, it is being reassembled molecule by molecule in the exact same position it should've been in the giant molecular position map that the computer made earlier with the 'Molecular Imaging Scanner', with appropriate shifting based on mathmatical calculations for the target location.
4) Release of object:
Once you are fully reassembled down to the last molecule, you will be released from whatever force field was holding you in place.
And there is my simple guide to understanding the Transporter Process.