Re: Constitution, Miranda, and Constelation Class
IIRC, didn't the Romulans use a holographic ship to pretend to be a Federation ship? However, in TNG's time it seems pretty easy to spot a faker and it was preferable to have the authentic (stolen) ship make the attack?
This never happened canonically that I know of, but the Romulans did use such a strategy to divide the Klingon-Fed alliance in Starfleet Command III. They used modified cloaks to disguise their ships as one ally and then attack the other's ships with their fleet, but the plot originated with the Tal Shiar and only achieved modest success before both governments caught on.
"If you think you're brave enough to walk the path of honor, then follow me into the dragon's den."