It's funny, for a democratic body ran by a civilian government. It seems Starfleet has an awful lot of power to come in and take over without even consulting the government. Like a battalion commander shutting down Ohio without first consulting elected officials.
Do we know that no consultation with the civilian government occurred?
Starfleet is a branch of government of the Federation, not of Galor IV. Presumably any consultations would have occurred at the level of the Federation, i.e. the President and Federation Council.