One might argue that against an enemy like the Borg, Starfleet wouldn't bother deploying small craft like fighters against a cube that can shred capital ships easily. I've seen several different designations for the Akira class over time, and I don't know that the carrier function was ever established canonically (although it may be what John Eaves intended the Akira to be).
On a personal level, I've never been comfortable with the Romulan/Cardassian strategy against the Founders because its execution doesn't make sense to me. There doesn't seem to be a tactical need for fighters if it had worked as intended, and both groups seemed to think that a small fleet of 20 warships would succeed because they had cloaks, when it was known that the Dominion's tech could easily match or even surpass most AQ technology. The basic strategy of a surprise bombardment is fine, I just think they didn't have enough ships to cover the necessary contingencies.