One might argue that Cardassia never was a first-rate military power and thus could safely be made angry - it could never rebound to any level of military significance no matter how much hatred was behind the effort.
Then again, the one thing Cardassia appeared to do very well before the war, and was suspected and feared of doing, was clandestine arming. And now they would have learned a trick or two from the amazingly self-sufficient Dominion forces... So the quarantine and deprivation measures would have to be really extreme to truly prevent the Union from re-establishing a military industry and eventually a fighting force.
Not to say this couldn't
be done anyway. But it sounds like something the UFP wouldn't