Were almost still a year away from release. Very few films get a teaser that far in advance. A few films that are expected to be monsters will get an a very early teaser (see Dark Knight or The Hobbit), but while Trek did very well, its still not a to that level even in the US, let alone globally.
For the 2009 the only reason we got a teaser so early is because it was released before Paramount decided that the film should be shown in the Summer and not Christmas break. Otherwise we would have had to wait another 6 months for that teaser.