Thank you very much, Badger
I think this tale, more than anything else, shows a vast spectrum of this debate. The Breen, Gleer, Bacco, Ezri, 31...all sides have a vested interest in what is effectively a battle for the Federation's soul.
I love your line, "A law that restricts heroism is an unjust one." I think that defines things quite nicely.
"The saying implies but does not name the effective agency of its supposed utopia.... 'Needs and abilities' are, of course, subjective. So the operative statement may be reduced to 'the State shall take, the State shall give'."