Deep Space Nine, a show which was never afraid of a comedy episode, did consider revisiting the planet from "A Piece of the Action," however. It was one of Ron Moore's early concepts for the 30th anniversary tribute that eventually became "Trials and Tribble-ations." But his original concept was that they would return and find that the planet no longer imitated the Chicago mobsters of the 20's, but now imitated Starfleet officers of Kirk's era.
It would have been a good-natured ribbing of both TOS and the Star Trek fanbase. (Remember, Moore is a die-hard TOS fan himself, so I'm sure it would have been good natured and not mean spirited.)
In the end, of course, they decided to go with "Trials and Tribble-ations" and hit upon the idea of actually having the DS9 crew interact with the TOS crew. And while I love that episode and am glad they did it, I would have still like to have seen the original idea come to fruition as well.