I'm curious - has anyone done any, erm, research into how they're able to get away with all these?
says, it's protected speech as long as it's presented as a parody. It's no different, legally, from Saturday Night Live
doing a sketch about Superman or Star Trek
-- they're using the actual copyrighted names, but in the context of something that's clearly a parody, so they're not trying to compete directly with the original by passing their work off as the real thing.
I could really do a Star Trek parody with characters called Kirk, Spock, McCoy on a starship called Enterprise? Or a Terminator parody with John Connor, Sarah Connor, CyberDyne Corporation and the Terminator?