No, the Nero
miniseries is about Nero's time in the past between the Kelvin
prologue of the film and his reappearance 25 years later.
There's nowhere in the continuity established in the film for Nero to have attacked Vulcan in 2387. Spock was en route to the supernova when Romulus was destroyed, and as soon as Spock reached the supernova, he was confronted by Nero. Shortly after that, both ships were sucked into the past. Unless Nero's ship had the ability to travel between Romulan space and Vulcan almost instantly (which is unlikely, given that the century-earlier Enterprise
was almost able to catch up with it despite going by a roundabout route from Vulcan to Earth), there's simply no opportunity for Nero to travel to Vulcan after Romulus's destruction in 2387.