I don't think any Trek production has done a very good job of visually connecting the ship's exterior with its interior. Some of the better efforts have been...
The drydock scene made the ship seem suitably large, and following Kirk from the travel pod into the hangar area with the open aft doors helped to fuse the interior and exterior pretty well.
Excellent point. Some of the better efforts have been...
Similarly that is what worked for me is in the beginning ST V FINAL FRONTIER the initial arrival of Kirk, Spock, McCoy and Uhura in the shuttlecraft inside the massive 1701-A Hangar deck set. They are greeted by Scotty and immediately take the turbolift directly up to the bridge giving a sense of the operations on board the starship.