All I can say about this series of books is I sure am glad the MACOS were eleminated from starfleet. What a useless, stupid, unthinking, group. Perhaps the writer just used them to show how much humanity had to grow up but they sure were dumb in this series of books. All I can say to illustrate my point is this. Hey we landed on an arctic island in winter lets leave the relative safety and warmth of the crashed city and go live outside. Brilliant!