Good work. It reminded me of something Spencer Tracy's character says toward the end of Judgment at Nuremberg
There are those in our country today, too, who speak of the "protection" of the country. Of "survival". The answer to that is: *survival as what*?
Sometimes, mere survival is not sufficient. Is life worth living without freedom, without dignity? From my admittedly non-spiritual perspective, this is the story of a man who decides that it's better to die on his feet than to live on his knees.
The alternate universe you describe is fascinating, and I was both surprised and pleased to discover the main character's identity toward the end.
The only criticism I have to offer is that the story consists almost entirely of backfill: instead of showing
us what happened to bring the main characters to this pass, you tell
us. I think your story would have been even more effective if you had found some way to show instead of tell.