Construction of wooden ocean going vessels in the 1700's is much different that construction of modern ocean going vessels. The basic materials used (wood v. metal) mean vastly different methods are used. The similarities between the two methods owe more to the overall design commonalities than anything else. Point in case: welding; it's used today, but it wasn't 240 years ago.
But its not the basic method remains the same, be it wood or whatever from the moment a keel is laid out to its being skinned. Sure in a metal ship you use bolts instead or nails and don't plug it with whale oil based material you use a modern equivalent but its not all that different in form or function from what was used to close the gapes in the 18th Century sailing vessel.